Benefits from platform subscriptions unproven

Do newspapers benefit from digital subscription services offered by Facebook, Google, Amazon and Apple? Do they make any money from them? There is not enough empirical evidence to draw conclusions, but the statements from the news companies offer a mixed picture and benefits are contested and unproven.

The paper about platform digital subscriptions was presented in Gothenburg University in Sweden on January 24, 2019. You can also read the conference presentation here.